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The World’s Largest Sculpture

Chief Crazy Horse Monument has been continually under construction in the Black Hills of South Dakota since 1948. Chief Crazy Horse Memorial is a mountain sculpture dedicated to Chief Crazy Horse, an Oglala Lakota (Sioux Indian) warrior.

Once completed, the Crazy Horse South Dakota monument will depict the upper torso of Chief Crazy Horse mounted on his horse, with his arm outstretched and pointing towards the “land of his ancestors.” The construction is still in progress.

Who Was Chief Crazy Horse?

Chief Crazy Horse and Chief Sitting Bull have gone down in history as the leaders of the Sioux uprising that defeated General Custer in the Battle of Little Big Horn, otherwise known as “Custer’s Last Stand.”

The Crazy Horse mountain memorial includes:

  • Chief Crazy Horse Monument
  • Native American Cultural Center
  • The Indian Museum of North America
  • Crazy Horse Monument History

The Mount Rushmore Monument likely inspired the Chief Crazy Horse Monument. Native Indian Chief Henry Standing Bear wanted to publicly prove that Indian nations had their own heroes too. He wrote a letter to sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski inquiring about his interest in creating a North American monument. Ziolkowski had previously worked on the Mount Rushmore Monument in 1924 under master sculptor Gutzon Borglum and had the experience needed to take on this new monumental project.

Location of Crazy Horse Monument

Crazy Horse Monument is being carved out of Thunderhead Mountain, a place considered to be sacred ground by Native Americans. As you travel south along route 385 (on the southwest side of South Dakota), Thunderhead Mountain and Crazy Horse Memorial can be found almost mid-way between Hill City and Custer City. The location of Crazy Horse Monument in relation to Mount Rushmore is only about 8 miles away.

Size of Crazy Horse Monument

Once completed Chief Crazy Horse memorial dimensions are expected to be 641 feet (195 meters) wide and 563 feet (172 meters) tall, which would make the Chief Crazy Horse Monument the world’s largest mountain carving.

The Crazy Horse Monument will also be the world’s largest sculpture of the human head, measuring in at approximately 87 feet tall. In comparison, the heads of the US Presidents carved into Mount Rushmore Monument are approximately 60 feet tall.

Completion of Crazy Horse Monument

Perhaps the most common question asked is, “When will Crazy Horse Monument be finished?” No one is really sure. The blasting continues and the mountain carving is a work in progress, dependent upon donations and private funding only. Although the US Government has offered to help fund the construction of the Chief Crazy Horse Monument on several occasions, artist and sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski and his successors have politely declined.

When Ziolkowski passed away in 1982, the non-profit Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation took over the project and to this day continues to honor Ziolkowski’s intentions to keep funding for the project private while striving for higher educational and cultural goals within their communities. Ziolkowski’s wife Ruth oversees all work on the Crazy Horse Monument with the help of the foundation and their 10 children. Essentially, the foundation collects funds to continue with its project through visitor fees, with more than a million guests visiting each year.

The completion and dedication of the face of Chief Crazy horse occurred in 1998, fifty years after the very first blasting of rock. At this point in time there is still no estimated completion date for the rest of the monument.

Chief Crazy Horse Volksmarch

Each year, the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation hosts many educational, social and cultural events.

For the last 30 years they have organized an Annual Spring Volksmarch where the public is invited to hike 6.2 miles through the Black Hills woodlands to see the actual sculpture in progress up close. This is a very popular event with up 15,000 guests in attendance each year. In 2013, an Annual Fall Volksmarch was introduced, giving guests a second opportunity to hike up to the monument. This is the most popular organized hike in the United States.

Crazy Horse Monument Controversy

There is plenty of controversy to go along with the Chief Crazy Horse South Dakota monument. During his life Crazy Horse did not want his picture taken and following his death, his body was placed in an unnamed location. As such, the Chief Crazy Horse monument is sculpted in likeness of him and is dedicated to both the spirit of Crazy Horse and to all Native Americans.

While Lakota (Indian) Chief Henry Standing Bear acknowledged the sincerity of Chief Crazy Horse’s motives, many Native Americans are still against the construction of this memorial. Some of the people who knew the history of Crazy Horse have likened the monument to a “pollution and desecration of the landscape.”

About Caravan Tours

Caravan Tours, which is still family owned and operated, began offering all inclusive tours back in 1952. We now offer affordable, fully guided, all inclusive tours throughout the United States, Canada, and Central America.

A tour of Chief Crazy Horse monument in the Black Hills of South Dakota is included in our fully escorted, all inclusive Mt Rushmore Yellowstone tour.

Visit our Caravan Mount Rushmore tour reviews page to read what others have said about this exceptionally priced US travel tour. For more tour information about Chief Crazy Horse monument or to book a vacation with Caravan Tours, please call us toll free at 1-800-CARAVAN (227-2826).

Yellowstone National Park, established in 1872, is exceptional and renowned as the world’s first national park. Yellowstone Park is located near West Yellowstone town and about 7 hours’ drive going north from Salt Lake City, and just 3 hours from Jackson UT.

Yellowstone Park has an area of more than 19,260 square miles. It includes a wonderful array of sights, natural geological wonders, and unique features that have helped make Caravan’s Yellowstone vacation packages a favorite of visiting tourists who flock to Yellowstone to see:

Yellowstone Caldera – Also known as the Yellowstone Super Volcano.

Yellowstone Waterfalls – Yellowstone Park has 290 waterfalls in all including the 308 foot tall Yellowstone Lower Falls and the 109 foot tall Yellowstone Upper Falls.

Natural Hot Springs – Yellowstone National Park has over 10,000 geothermal oddities including hot springs, fumaroles, and the park’s famous geysers.

Old Faithful Geyser – Most Yellowstone vacation packages include a visit to the world’s most famous geyser, Old Faithful, just one of 300 geysers to be found in Yellowstone National Park.

Old Faithful Inn – Another favorite park destination on most Yellowstone vacation package tours, Old Faithful Inn is a timber log hotel built in 1903 and features an enormous 85-foot stone fireplace.

Yellowstone Wildlife – Including grizzlies, the park is famous for its moose, elk, mountain lions, gray wolves and mountain goats.

Petrified Forests – The world’s largest Petrified Forest can be found in Yellowstone National Park.

Yellowstone Park’s Old Faithful Geyser

With more than 3 million tourists visiting Yellowstone National Park yearly, fully escorted Yellowstone family vacation packages have become increasingly popular. During peak days, sometime between July and August, up to 25,000 people will visit to wait for the famous Old Faithful geyser to erupt.

Old Faithful has always been one of the park’s most popular features so families and senior tourists who wish to avoid the crowds may choose to visit during the off-season. Weekdays, early morning visits, or late afternoons are also excellent times to visit Old Faithful Geyser. Caravan’s Yellowstone family vacation packages and senior tours are also fully guided and offer the most convenient way to see Old Faithful.

Yellowstone Lake

Yellowstone National Park tours require at least 3 full days if one wants to explore most of the park’s most popular attractions. Another popular destination on many Yellowstone vacation package tours is Yellowstone Lake. At an elevation of over 6500 feet above sea level, Yellowstone Lake is the highest fresh water lake in the continental United States and has about 100 natural streams flowing in and out of it. The area also has a unique geothermal feature; a mud volcano.

Yellowstone Park’s Grand Loop Drive

The Grand Loop Drive is the main thoroughfare in Yellowstone National Park. It is a loop similar to the figure 8 and runs over 140 miles throughout Yellowstone Park. Grand Loop Drive is included in virtually all Yellowstone vacation packages and offers plenty of wonderful sights to see.

Yellowstone Grand Loop tours may include Norris Geyser Basin, a desert-looking landscape laden with small craters, bubbling hot springs, and geysers such as the Echinus Geyser. While the sights around Yellowstone Park are thrilling, visitors are warned to keep within the authorized pathways and roadways, mainly because of the dangers associated with getting too close to the acidic waters of the geysers and mud holes.

Mammoth Hot Springs is another stop on the Grand Loop Drive, as well as old Fort Yellowstone, which now serves as the park’s headquarters.

Certain portions of the Yellowstone River Basin show wonderfully laid out basalt columns that were formed by nature yet look more like some Hollywood set design. Grand Loop Drive winds down through Dunraven Pass on Mount Washburn, where you can witness the 50 million year old volcano that enveloped forests. Then there’s Hayden Valley, where you can savor the sights of grassy lands, small lakes and streams and abundant wildlife, like elks, bison and even white pelicans.

Yellowstone All Inclusive Vacation Packages

Mount Rushmore Yellowstone tours by Caravan Tours are fully guided vacation packages that include Old Faithful, Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone Lake, and more. These are all inclusive, 8-day tours that also include visits to the Grand Tetons, Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse Monument.

Caravan’s Yellowstone National Park vacation packages are affordably priced considering all activities, land transportation, meals, and hotel accommodations are included.

Read fellow traveler’s reviews of their Caravan Yellowstone National Park tour experience.

(Editor’s Note – This original post from April 2010 has been updated to reflect current Yellowstone vacation details.)

Yellowstone National Park, the world’s very first national park, is a place away from the clutter, noise and pollution of the cities; a place to discover nature.

Yellowstone Park vacations provide tourists with opportunities to view wildlife where they belong, in the wild. In fact, you will find more mammals in Yellowstone National Park than can be found in any other US state including black bears, grizzlies, elk, moose, wolves and bison. Yellowstone is also home to pelicans and trumpeter swans!

Things to Do In Yellowstone Park

Tourists also book Yellowstone Park vacations to come marvel at the world’s largest concentration of active geysers, including Old Faithful geyser. In all, Yellowstone Park has over 300 active geysers and over 10,000 geothermal activities including steaming geysers, hot springs, fumaroles and mud pots.

Located in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, Yellowstone National Park is considered America’s favorite and most famous park for a good reason. Most Yellowstone Park vacations include visits to;

  • Upper Geyser  Basin – with the largest concentration of hot springs in the world it is also home to Old Faithful geyser
  • Midway Geyser Basin – some of the world’s largest hot springs can be found here
  • Lower Geyser Basin – includes the liquid mud pools of Fountain Paint Pots plus geysers, hot springs and steam vent fumaroles
  • Mammoth Hot Springs – features a terraced waterfall-looking limestone landscape
  • Norris Geyser Basin – home of Yellowstone Park’s hottest geysers
  • Mud Volcano – a series of mud pots located near the center of the Yellowstone Caldera
  • Super Volcano – it’s true, Yellowstone caldera is one of the world’s largest and most active super volcanoes

Yellowstone Caldera

The last major eruption of the super volcano in Yellowstone occurred some 60,000 years ago which created what we now know as Yellowstone caldera…the great geyser basin.

Yellowstone Park vacations are very popular and many tourists eventually return for subsequent visits since there is no shortage of exciting things to see and do in Yellowstone. While primarily located in Wyoming, Yellowstone National Park is also shared by Idaho and Montana.

With an impressive area of almost 3500 square miles (just under 900,000 hectares) Yellowstone National Park opened to the public in 1872. The number of people taking Yellowstone Park vacations at that time was about 1000 annually. Today, Yellowstone Park receives over three million visitors a year.

Yellowstone Park Activities

Tourists enjoying Yellowstone Park vacations can explore a host of activities within the park. River rafting has enjoyed immense popularity in recent years. Several rafting companies offer white water tours through Yellowstone Park. Hiking is another favorite vacation activity in Yellowstone. Tourists can enjoy over 1100 miles of hiking trails, 98 percent of which are natural back country hiking trails. Horseback riding is another exemplary activity that can be enjoyed in Yellowstone. Tourists can also enjoy camping, biking, wildlife watching and guided bus tours.

Yellowstone Park Vacations by Caravan

Caravan Tours offers all inclusive Yellowstone Park vacations. These are fully escorted 8-day package tours affordably priced at just $1,195.

Caravan’s Yellowstone Park Vacations are all inclusive and also include visits to the Grand Tetons, Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse Monument. Visit Caravan’s Yellowstone Park Vacations Review page to read what others have said about Caravan’s all inclusive Yellowstone Park tour.

(Editor’s Note – This original blog post from December 2010 has been updated to better reflect current details about Caravan’s Yellowstone and Mount Rushmore tour.)

America’s First National Park

Caravan is one of America’s top tour companies for fully guided Yellowstone Park tours.

Established on March 1, 1872, Yellowstone was the first appointed national park in North America and indeed the first national park in the world. Yellowstone National Park has in excess of 19,000 square miles, most of which is mountainous; there are five mountain ranges covering the perimeter of the park.

The majority of Yellowstone Park is in Wyoming, with portions of it occupying Idaho and Montana. Over 80 percent of Yellowstone Park is covered with forest, 5 percent with lakes, and 15 percent is grassland. The park is also located on a high altitude plateau 8,000 feet above sea level.

It is quite perplexing to note that the Yellowstone was only really explored in the 1860s, even though it was home to the local Native American Indians since as early as 9,000 BC.

Yellowstone Park Attractions

With major tourist attractions like Old Faithful geyser (one of over 300 in the park) Yellowstone Park tours have become very popular. Other major Yellowstone attractions on Yellowstone Park tours include unique volcanic rock formations, Yellowstone caldera (a ‘super volcano’) and Yellowstone Lake.

Yellowstone Park History

Around 1807, traveler John Colter reached Yellowstone quite by accident and discovered the unfamiliar geothermic wonders of the region, which he subsequently disseminated to an unbelieving ‘outside world’.

A half a century later in 1856, a certain John Bridges reported ‘boiling springs and spouting water’ in describing Yellowstone but failed to convince others of this tall tale.

The Folsom Expedition in 1869 eventually went on to fully investigate Yellowstone, surveying the vicinity from Yellowstone River to Yellowstone Lake. Their findings ended the supposed myth about Yellowstone and gave credence to the many natural wonders of this remarkable place. Because of growing public interest the area was designated as Yellowstone National Park on March 1, 1872. Within a few short decades, guided Yellowstone Park tours became common, allowing astonished visitors the opportunity to explore one of America’s most incredible natural wonders.

Yellowstone Geysers & Volcanic Activities

Although there are a plenty of natural attractions in Yellowstone Park, the geysers are perhaps the most popular and most visited on Yellowstone Park tours. Yellowstone is home to what some deem to be the earth’s most prolific volcanic hot spots and has a colorful history of strong eruptions. The various volcanic activities in the park can be seen in various manifestations.

Yellowstone Park tours explore geysers that work under pressure and escape the earth as fountains of hot water and steam. Then there are the lower pressured hot springs that have just hot water flowing in them. There are also fumaroles, which let of pure steam at extreme temperatures, plus many mud pots that spew out hot mud combined with steam. These different geothermal anomalies number at around 10,000 within the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park.

Old Faithful Geyser

Old Faithful, the most requested destination from travelers on Yellowstone Park tours, is also the world’s most renowned natural geyser. Old Faithful received its name in 1870 during the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition. The expedition was a more complete venture to the Yellowstone area where comprehensive mapping of Yellowstone’s lakes, mountains, geysers, and wildlife was completed. The name of Old Faithful was given to express the uniform eruption of this unique geyser.

Yellowstone Lake

Yellowstone Lake is another favorite destination of Yellowstone Park tours. Yellowstone Lake envelops the Yellowstone Caldera and is one of the continent’s largest high-level lakes. It is situated at almost 7875 feet above sea level. The deepest portion of Yellowstone Lake is nearly 400 feet deep, its shoreline has a perimeter of 109 miles and the overall area of Yellowstone Lake is roughly 217 square miles. The lake is home to the largest of the swan species, the Trumpeter Swans, which are almost 6 feet long and has a wingspan of nearly 10 feet. Yellowstone Lake also holds what some consider to be the tastiest trout in the world.

About Caravan Tours

For more than 65 years (since 1952) family owned and operated Caravan Tours has been offering highly affordable all inclusive tours throughout the USA, Canada and Central America.

Our Mt Rushmore Yellowstone Park tours are very popular and also include visits to the Grand Tetons, Little Big Horn, and Crazy Horse Monument. Visit our Yellowstone Tour Reviews page to read what others have said about Caravan’s all inclusive Yellowstone National Park tours.

For more information or to make a booking, please call Caravan toll free at 1-800-Caravan (227-2826).

The titles “America’s First National Park” and the “World’s First National Park” both belong to Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, a park so immense that it is also shared by Montana and Idaho. In fact, at just over 3400 square miles, Yellowstone Park is larger than the state of Rhode Island.

Established in 1872, Yellowstone Park attractions are numerous; from extraordinary wildlife like grizzlies, elk and wolves to extraordinary geothermal features like fumaroles, mud pots and geysers.

Yellowstone Park Attractions

There simply is no other place in the world like Yellowstone National Park. The park was created to protect the many geological features and archaeological treasures contained within its boundaries.

Here is a partial list of the amazing Yellowstone National Park attractions that visitors can enjoy:

Yellowstone Lake – At over 7,700 feet above sea level, Yellowstone Lake is America’s highest freshwater lake and the largest body of water within the park with over 110 miles of shoreline.

Yellowstone Caldera – Measuring an impressive 34 miles by 45 miles, Yellowstone Caldera was created through a series of “super” eruptions dating back over 2 million years ago. These volcanic “super eruptions” are the reason Yellowstone Caldera is sometimes called the “Yellowstone Super Volcano”, North America’s largest volcanic system.

Old Faithful Geyser -The Upper Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park, which is also part of the Old Faithful Historic District, is home to Castle Geyser, Beehive Geyser, Lion Geyser and of course, the most famous geyser of all, Old Faithful Geyser. The regular eruptions of Old Faithful Geyser occur on average about 90 minutes apart, spewing approximately 5000+ gallons of hot water and steam into air as high as 120 feet or more. Old Faithful Geyser is just one of 300 geysers located within the park, which incidentally make up two-thirds of all the geysers in the world!

Archaeological Sites – To date, more than 1000 Indigenous American archaeological sites have been identified within Yellowstone National Park, dating back over 11,000 years.

Continental Divide – Another feature of Yellowstone Park is the great Continental Divide, where the watershed on the west side of the Rocky Mountains that drains to the Pacific Ocean is separated from the watershed to the east that drains to the Atlantic Ocean.

Yellowstone’s Petrified Forests – Ancient trees buried by ash and soil become petrified forests and Yellowstone National Park is home to one of the largest petrified forests in the world.

Yellowstone Waterfalls – Along with Upper Yellowstone Falls (at 109 feet) and Lower Yellowstone Falls (at 308 feet) Yellowstone National Park has a total of 290 waterfalls within the park.

Geothermal Features – Yellowstone Park is considered to be located on one of the world’s prime “mantel hotspots”, which accounts for the more than 10,000 geothermal features (half of the world’s total) found within the park. Visitors to Yellowstone can witness everything from geysersand fumaroles (a volcanic gas vent) to hot springs and boiling mud pots.

Yellowstone Wildlife – One of the more popular Yellowstone Park attractions is the abundant wildlife within the park including large animals like the Lynx, Grizzly Bears, Elk, Moose, Mountain Goats, Big Horn Sheep, Mountain Lions and the Gray Wolf.

Old Faithful Inn – Built in 1903 within view of Old Faithful Geyser is Old Faithful Inn, the world’s largest and one of America’s few remaining timber log hotels. This hotel is a favorite Yellowstone National Park attraction and a National Historic Landmark where guests can marvel at the massive 85 foot stone fireplace located in the huge dining hall.

All Inclusive Yellowstone Park Tours

Many of the attractions at Yellowstone National Park are included as part of Caravan Tours’ fully escorted, 8-day Yellowstone National Park Tours, which also include visits to Mount Rushmore, Crazy Horse Monument, Mammoth Hot Springs and the Grand Tetons.

Caravan’s Yellowstone National Park tours are all inclusive and affordably priced starting at just $1,195.

Visit the Yellowstone National Park Tours Review page to read what others have said about the attractions at Yellowstone National Park.

Old Faithful Geyser is the name given to one of the world’s biggest and most regular geysers located in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, USA.

There are over 300 geysers in Yellowstone National Park but Old Faithful Geyser is the most renowned. Old Faithful was named by the Washburn-Langford-Diane Expedition in 1870 when they first encountered the plume of white water as it shot into the sky about one hundred and twenty five feet high.

What the Expedition found was an oval shaped irregular aperture measuring about three feet by seven projecting a stream of hot steamed water into the sky. The Old Faithful geyser eruption schedule is extremely regular, erupting approximately every 30-90 minutes or more and lasting up to 5 minutes. The large geyser was on a mound, which was about thirty feet higher than the rest of the landscape and about five feet from the mound itself was the aperture.

Old Faithful Inn

Adjacent to Old Faithful Geyser is the inn by the same name. Old Faithful Inn was the brainchild of the young architect Robert Reamer who worked for the Great Northern Railway. Today Old Faithful Inn is a historic landmark and is the most popular facility for Yellowstone National Park accommodations.

Old Faithful Inn was constructed in a rustic fashion and comes complete with a huge stone fireplace located in the spacious lobby. The building has since been remodelled. While many additions haven been added over time, great care has been taken to keep the original character and ambience of the Old Faithful Inn intact. The Inn was dedicated as a National Historic Landmark in 1987.

Old Faithful Inn is a rustic hotel with some modern conveniences including a full service restaurant, a gift shop, a deli and 327 rooms. Guests are encouraged to reserve their rooms well in advance as the Old Faithful Inn is very popular. The entire hotel is a non-smoking facility that fits harmoniously with the natural park surroundings. Guests should note that there are no radios, air conditioning, televisions or Internet hook-ups at Old Faithful Inn. Reduced mobility access rooms are available for a limited number of guests.

Old Faithful Inn Construction

What is most unique about the Old Faithful Inn is that it is one of the earliest built log construction buildings in any U.S. park. Old Faithful Inn construction began in 1903 and was finished by 1904.

The material used in its construction was obtained locally and includes lodge pole pine and rhyolite stone. Even as early as 1904 the inn was replete with steam heating and electric lighting. Old Faithful Inn is perhaps the best place for park accommodations near Old Faithful Geyser and upper geyser basin. Not only is the Inn close in proximity to the Old Faithful Geyser but it is also the ideal way get the entire experience of Yellowstone National Park.

Old Faithful Inn is quite a hardy structure that has withstood an earthquake as well as being nearly damaged in an early fire that raged through Yellowstone. Currently, the structure is updated regularly in keeping with the present day building codes so as to ensure safety as well as comfort for the guests.

All Inclusive Tours by Caravan

Old Faithful Geyser and Old Faithful Inn are both included as part of Caravan Tours’ fully escorted, all inclusive Yellowstone National Park Tour, which also includes Mammoth hot springs and visits to Mount Rushmore, Crazy Horse monument and the Grand Tetons.

The Yellowstone National Park tour is a fully guided 8-day tour affordably priced at just $1,195.

Visit Caravan’s Yellowstone National Park Tour Reviews page to read what others have said about Old Faithful geyser, the Inn and this fully guided, all inclusive tour.